most frequently asked questions on the forum www.okolotok.ru You can also order an individual construction consultation of Andrey Dachnik .

  1. The value of a site is determined by three main factors: location, location, and again – location. Price and value are not identical concepts.
  2. It is better to live in a bad place with good neighbors than in a good one with bad ones.
  3. Build a small, reasonably large house. In most cases, the laying of “palaces” this leads to unfinished buildings, holes in the budget and ruined health.
  4. Every ugly house is a missed chance to make the world a better place. It is more prestigious to live in a small “tasteful” house than in a huge “transformer box”.
  5. If you really need a big house, but there is no money to build it, do not waste time and money on “temporary houses”. Think about how to build your future home in stages . This can be the growth of the house both horizontally and vertically.
  6. When choosing a project, try to avoid excessive originality. Remember that everything beautiful and reasonable has already been built before you. Your task is to choose the most suitable house project in terms of nature and occupation and fit it into the landscape and surroundings of your site.
  7. Build your dream home! Choosing a house project solely for reasons of practicality and rationality will inevitably lead to disappointment in the future.
  8. Don’t hire an architect who has never owned a vacation home of their own.
  9. The house must have its own “face” and belong to one of the famous architectural styles. Remember that a heap-small of geometric shapes, textures and colors most often belongs not to a new and original architectural style , but to a long-known and very widespread style called “bad taste”.
  10. The layout of the house and the layout of the premises determine its appearance, and not vice versa.
  11. Avoid “newest, cutting edge and experimental” projects and technologies. New technologies are often untested, and cutting edge designs quickly go out of style.
  12. When choosing materials and technologies, check whether they are certified for individual housing construction in those countries where the state really cares about the health of fellow citizens.
  13. Multiply your planned home construction budget by 1.5-2 and get an idea of ​​the actual construction costs.
  14. Multiply the planned construction time of the house by 1.5 and get an idea of ​​the real construction time (in the event that all the money for construction according to paragraph 9 is at your fingertips).
  15. The only way to avoid marriage and mistakes when building a house by a hired team of builders (firm) is to be constantly present at the construction site or to hire an independent expert to accompany the construction.
  16. The most dangerous misconception is to think that your builders know everything about building houses and know how to build them.
  17. The rush to build a house is beneficial only to builders – this way they can earn more.
  18. By entrusting the purchase of building materials to builders, in most cases you will overpay from 5 to 30%.
  19. Avoid “old-fashioned” and technical solutions invented on the go. The answer to any technical question on building technologies and materials can be found in the instructions and albums of technical solutions from manufacturers, in building codes and regulations, codes of practice and other building regulations.
  20. Remember that domestic building codes are more modern – these are often outdated Western codes. If you are reading in English, look for modern international building codes on the Internet.
  21. It is not the foundation that “sustains” the house, but the soil on which the foundation rests. First of all, research the properties of the soil under the future houses, then select the optimal type of foundation for the given soil conditions and the type of your house.
  22. Screw piles are good for prefabricated buildings. What is more important to you: to save two or three weeks on the construction of the foundation or to get a guaranteed reliability of the building for 50 years or more?
  23. Ring drainage around the house and insulation of the foundation and soil are simple ways to reduce the degree of frost heaving in the soil.
  24. The concrete mixture placed in the formwork must be vibrated with the help of a deep vibrator – only in this way will the concrete gain the specified characteristics.
  25. The next step after the concrete is placed is the maintenance of the concrete , which includes the creation of optimal temperature and humidity conditions for the concrete curing.
  26. At average daily (and not daytime) air temperatures above + 5C, it is possible to remove the formwork and start work on the foundation much earlier than after 28 days .
  27. Reinforcement in the corners of the foundation must be bent according to special schemes or use L and U-shaped elements. Simple cross-hairs in the corners are not allowed.
  28. Fiberglass (composite) reinforcement without additional L-shaped elements can be used only when reinforcing the foundation-slab . It is unsuitable for a strip foundation, since it cannot be bent.
  29. Ventilated undergrounds are outdated, irrational technical solutions. Most modern foreign houses have slab foundations, or floors on the ground with strip or pile-grillage foundations. Such solutions are more environmentally friendly, save money on heating the house and are technically more reliable.
  30. The air in the underground is not 4 cutting the sewer pipe in the foundation, but the air with a total area of ​​1/400 of the area of ​​the first floor.
  31. The vents cannot be closed for the winter: radioactive soil gas, radon, will accumulate in the underground, and condensate will form on the ceilings.
  32. The foundation of the stove and the house must be the same, if you do not want creases in the chimney when passing through the ceilings and roof. The advice on separate foundations migrated from the books of the XIX-XX centuries, when the huts were put on stands, rubble and brick foundations without reinforcement.
  33. The underfloor and basement in the house is a reliable storage for radioactive soil gases. A recessed, heated basement must have exhaust ventilation.
  34. The vast majority of developers forget to protect their home from radioactive soil gases . Protecting a house from radon is not difficult simple – a layer of PVC (not polyethylene) film under the foundation and on the ground under the house, or impregnation of the sand cushion with bituminous compounds.
  35. It’s cheaper to build a separate glacier than to build a basement in your home.
  36. For most regions of Russia, the minimum sufficient insulation of the roof (ceiling) and floor is 20 cm of mineral wool insulation, not 10 cm, and, moreover, not 5 cm.
  37. A brick house does not justify the money invested in it. Modern materials and technologies allow to give the appearance of “brick” to almost any type of house.
  38. Concrete floor slabs are the most irrational type of interfloor floors if you do not plan a pool or a Russian stove on the second floor of your house.
  39. The outer walls of the house must be insulated from the outside , not from the inside.
  40. The most common mistake in the construction of walls is an attempt to close them from the outside “from moisture” with a vapor-proof material . The vapor permeability of the wall structure should increase from the inside out. Otherwise, the walls will gradually become damp and will poorly retain heat in the house.
  41. The best house in terms of microclimate is a house made of solid wood. Fires destroy both wooden and stone houses equally well. There are no absolutely non-combustible houses.
  42. When insulating a house, use a reflective (foil) vapor barrier from the inside – it will help save on heating.
  43. All wood used in the construction of a house must be treated with an antiseptic.
  44. Do not cover wood of natural moisture with a vapor-proof antiseptic (like Pinotex) or paint – when dry, such a tree will “tear”. For building materials of natural moisture, only vapor-permeable antiseptics are used.
  45. Well most of the practicality and reliability of the well.
  46. A septic tank made of concrete rings is actually a device for filtering feces into the ground – it is almost impossible to make it airtight.
  47. A high blank fence is a gift for thieves to burglars.
  48. Building a house can take your health and life. Take care of yourself – there is nothing more precious than life and health for you and your family members.
  49. Building a house is the best and most reliable investment of money.
  50. If you know about all the difficulties in advance, you will never dare to build your house.